The city of
Tulum was previously known as Zama, meaning City of Dawn.
name means fence or trench in Mayan.
Being both on a sea and land route, it had major
historical importance as a centre
flourished between the 13th and the 15th centuries, fading only
70 years after the Spanish army started conquering today’s Mexico.
Although there is no specific data about its
population at its height,
estimates put it between 1,000 and 1,600.
ruins are perched on 12 metre high cliffs facing the
It is the 3rd most visited site in Mexico and
the most visited spot in the state of Quintana Roo.
The site was inhabited as early as the 6th
Tulum is a rare city built by the Mayans because
it is one of the few walled cities.